Geography of Mount Abu
Mount Abu is the highest peak of the Aravalli Range within the state of Rajasthan, in the Republic of India. It is in the South-Western part of Rajasthan, almost at the Gujarat border. The region is between 24°36' north latitude and 72°42' east longitude.
The region is elevated to a height of 1165m or 3822ft on a distinct rocky plateau, ranging about 22km long by 9 km wide, with the highest peak being Guru Shikhar with a height of 1722m of 5650 ft.
It is very well connected to all the major cities of North and Western India. The hill station is about 185 km from Udaipur, 221 km from Ahmedabad, 264 km from Jodhpur, 500 km from Jaipur and 765 km from Delhi.
Climate of Mount AbuMount Abu is blessed with wonderful soothing climate throughout the year. Summer is never that hot and ranges for three months between April to June with temperature ranging from minimum 23 degree to rising at a maximum of 36 degree Celsius.
Rainfall is pretty good during the Monsoon. One can expect a good amount of temperature drop during this season. Monsoon temperature is the lowest in Mount Abu for the entire India. Moreover the region receives the highest rainfall of Rajasthan with 70-180cms of rainfall on an average. August to October is the Monsoon season.
Winters are the coolest and temperatures drop below 0 degree Celsius. Tourists can face rain during the winters and can enjoy the chill. Daytime temperature ranges between 16-22 degree Celsius, while the average night temperature is at a range of 4-12 degrees. With rainfall, temperature can drop to -3 degree.
Topography of Mount AbuMount Abu is the only hill station of Rajasthan. One can find the Aravalli range running along the place. It has the serene beauty of nature accompanied with the grand drives along the winding roads, leisurely walks, exciting treks and lush green forest. The place is widely known as “The Oasis of the Aravallis.” The region has a famous wildlife sanctuary embedded in the hills. Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary was formed in 1960 and crosses Guru Shikhar from 300m to 1722m. This Sanctuary is a part of the dense forest of Aravalli with an area of about 19 km in length and 5-8 km in breadth. It is the abode of 112 plant families with 449 genera and 820 species. The place is rich in variety of Orchids, Roses and Bamboo.
There are over 250 species of birds, including the popular grey jungle fowl. The sanctuary also houses leopard, sloth bear, wild boar, sambar, chinkara and langur amongst others. Large rocks cover the sub tropical evergreen forest from all the sides. The famous religious destination Gaumukh, which is considered as the home of Vashishth Muni, is basically a huge rock resembling the head of a cow.
It is the summer capital of Rajasthan since the time of British rule and is the home of beautiful lakes, big waterfalls, coniferous forest and amazing luxury hilly retreats.
Lake of Mount AbuThe Nakki Lake has a huge historical importance and is covered by ancient myths. The river got its name from “Nakh” meaning nails, as myths say that the lake was dug out by the bare hands and nails by an elderly Muni. The lake is about half a mile in length and quarter a mile in width. It is about 20- 30 feet deep and is portrays an amazing sunset every evening. Beside this lake there is Toad Rock which is a popular trekking destination.
What to WearSummer: Light cotton clothes are advisable. One can always carry a light jacket to avoid the sudden fall in temperature during night time.
Monsoon: Umbrella a must along with summer clothes. Tourists are advised to carry few heavy dresses in order to be adequately protected against the monsoon chill.
Winter: Heavy woollens are highly recommended. One can include long coats and outsiders in the luggage. During daytime, light pullovers are sufficient. Tourists must carry some skull caps or head covering woollens, as wind blows quite strong during this season.